what are biogenic volatile organic compounds

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21, 101–107. Kleinig, H., 1989: The role of plastids in isoprenoid biosynthesis, Annu. Vegetation is the most important source of BVOCs. Environ. Forest Meteorol. Kumar, N., Kulshrestha U. C., Khare, P., Saxena, A., Kumari, K. M., und Srivastava, S. S., 1996: Measurements of formic and acetic acid levels in the vapour phase at Dayalbagh, Agra, India, Atmos. 214–219. 100, 11369–11381. Loreto, F., Förster, A., Dürr, M., Csiky, O., and Seufert, G., 1998a: On the monoterpene emission under heat stress and on the increased thermotolerance of leaves of Quercus ilex L. fumigated with selected monoterpenes, Plant, Cell Environ. Halliwell, B. and Butt, V. S., 1974: Oxidative decarboxylation of glycollate and glyoxylate by leaf peroxisomes, Biochem. 9, 79–100. Yatagai, M. Ohira, M., Ohira, T., and Nagai, S., 1995: Seasonal variation of terpene emissions from trees and influence of temperature, light and contact stimulation on terpene emission, Chemosphere 93, 1417–1421. 43, 759–762. 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J. and Croteau, R., 1995: Terpenoid metabolism, The Plant Cell on the Strategies and Techniques for the Monitoring of the Atmosphere Rome, Società Chimica Italiana, Rome, pp. The aim of this paper was to provide an overview of the current state of the art on research into the emission of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) from vegetation fires. Singh, H. B., O'Hara, D. O., Herlth, D., Sachse, W., Blake, D. R., Bradshaw, J. D., Kanakidou, M., and Crutzen, P. J., 1994: Acetone in the atmosphere: Distribution, sources and sinks, J. Geophys. Drewitt, G. B., Curren, K., Steyn, D. G., Gillespie, T. J., and Niki, H., 1998: Measurement of biogenic hydrocarbon emission from vegetation in the Lower Fraser Valley, British Columbia, Atmos. J. 97, 1588–1591. Appendix C. Tampa Bay area Photochemical oxidant study, EPA/904/9-77/028, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV, Atlanta, Georgia. 10, 517–520. Steinbrecher, R., 1994: Emissions of selected European ecosystems: The state of the art, in P. Borell et al., The Proceedings of EUROTRAC Symposium 94, SPB Academic Publishing bv, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. We discuss VOC biosynthesis, emission inventories, relations between emission and plant physiology as well as temperature and radiation, and ecophysiological functions. Experiment. 102, 15875–15887. Pandis, S. N., Paulson, S. E., Seinfeld, J. H., and Flagan, R. C., 1991: Aerosol formation in the photooxidation of isoprene and β-pinene, Atmos. Brian C. McDonald, Allan H. Goldstein & Robert A. Harley, Long-Term Trends in California Mobile Source Emissions and Ambient Concentrations of Black Carbon and Organic Aerosol, 49 E. NVTL. Lett. Schindler, T. and Kotzias, D., 1989: Comparison of monoterpene volatilization and leaf-oil composition of conifers, Naturwissenschaften Diplomarbeit, Fachbereich Biologie, Universität Mainz. 22, 73–77. Kesselmeier, J., 1992: Plant physiology and the exchange of trace gases between vegetation and atmosphere, in S. E. Schwartz and W. G. Slim (eds), Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange, Vol.2 - The Semonin Volume: Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Processes, Hemisphere, Washington D.C., pp. 17, 2131–2165. Richter, G., 1988: Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen, Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart. Mol. Went, F. W., 1960a: Organic matter in the atmosphere and its possible relation to petroleum formation, Proc. Sci. Environ. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a group of carbon-based gases emitted by biological and anthropogenic sources that are characterised by their high vapour pressure at ambient temperatures [1,2,3].Biogenic VOCs (BVOCs) are involved in biological signalling [] and are also associated with changes to regional/global climate [5,6].Anthropogenic VOCs (AVOCs) are important … Bot. 13, 1–32. Chem. 241, 1473–1475. 30, 3667–3676. 71, 1260. Res. Nat. CMP 80/16, November. Arey, J., Winer, A. M., Atkinson, R., Aschmann, S. M., Long, W. D., and Morrison, C. L., 1991a: The emission of (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, (Z)-3-hexenylacetate and other oxygenated hydrocarbons from agricultural plant species, Atmos. Environ. 25A, 1063–1075. Steinbrecher, R., 1997: Isoprene: Production by plants and ecosystem-level estimates, in G. Helas, S. Slanina, and R. Steinbrecher (eds), Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere - Summary of Present Knowledge, SPB Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. Bucher, J. Environ. The situation is worse in the case of numerous other compounds (other VOCs or OVOCs) being emitted by the biosphere. Res. 9–25. Isidorov, V. A., Povarov, V. G., Klokova, E. M., Prilepsky, E. B., Churilova, Y., 1994: Estimation of photochemically active VOC emission by forests of the European part of the former U.S.S.R., in Angeletti, G. and Restelli, G., (eds), Physico-Chemical Behaviour of Atmospheric Pollutants, ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels, Luxembourg, pp. Zeidler, J. G., Lichtenthaler, H. K., May, H. U., and Lichtenthaler, F.W., 1997: Is isoprene emitted by plants synthesized via the novel isopentenyl diphosphate pathway? 28, 1197–1210. Funk, C., Lewinsohn, E., Stofer-Vogel, B., Steele, C. L., and Croteau, R., 1994: Regulation of oleoresinosis in Grand fir (Abies grandis). 187, 171–175. 125, 205–238. Berresheim, H., Talbot, R. W., Andreae, M. O., and Jacob, D. J., 1988: Sources and sinks of organic acids in the Amazonian wet season atmosphere, EOS Fakultät II, in H. J. Gregor and H. J. Unger (eds), Verlag Documenta naturae, München. Studies Environ. Contract No. However, most BVOCs estimations ignored the emissions from urban green spaces, causing inaccuracies in the understanding of regional BVOCs emissions and their environmental and health effects. Lawlor, D. W., 1990: Photosynthese, Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart. 79, 368–371. 182, 523–531. Ecol. Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) emissions lead to fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) and ground-level ozone pollution, and are harmful to human health, especially in urban areas. Chem. 88, 5122–5130. 23, 1506–1514. Gara, R. I., Littke, W. R., and Rhoades, D. F., 1993: Emission of ethanol and monoterpenes by fungal infected lodgepole pine trees, Phytochemistry Res. 93, 1638–1652. Role of glycine and glyoxylate decarboxylation in photorespiratory CO2 release, Plant Physiol. 113, 263–284. Sci. Biol. 17, 1931–1950. Allwine, G., Lamb, B., and Westberg, H., 1992: Cited in Fehsenfeld et al. Trapp, D., 1995: Aldehyde und Ketone in der bodennahen nicht urbanen Troposhäre, Dissertation, Universität Heidelberg. Lichtenthaler, H. K., Schwender, L., Disch, A., and Rohmer, M., 1997: Biosynthesis of isoprenoids in higher plant chloroplasts proceeds via a mevalonate independent pathway, FEBS Lett. Plant Physiol. J. Res. 15, 1135–1137. Kawamura, K., Ng, L. L., and Kaplan, I. R., 1985: Determination of organic acids (C1-C10) in the atmosphere, motor exhausts, and engine oils, Environ. Space Phys. Hartmann, W. R., Andreae, M. O., and Helas, G., 1989: Measurements of organic acids over central Germany, Atmos. Stotzky, G. and Schenk, S., 1976: Observations on organic volatiles from germinating seeds and seedlings, Amer. 165–219. Fall, R. and Monson, R. K., 1992: Isoprene emission rate in relation to stomatal distribution and stomatal conductance, Plant Physiol. 20, 304–316. B., Zimmerman, P., Harley, P. C., Monson, R. K., and Fall, R., 1993: Isoprene and monoterpene emission variability: Model evaluations and sensivity analysis, J. Geophys. Tingey, D. T., Turner, D. P., and Weber, J. 99, 260–270. Ebel, R. C., Mattheis, J. P., Buchanan, D. A., 1995: Drought stress of apple trees alters leaf emissions of volatile compounds, Physiologia Plantarum Pathol. Bot. 34, 159–165. Gupta, H. O., Lodha, M. L., Rastogi, D. K., and Metha, S. L., 1979: Metabolism of acetate [2-14C] in hard endosperm opaque-2-maize, Biochemie Physiologie Pflanzen Hölldobler, B. and Wilson, E. O., 1990: The Ants, Springer Verlag, Berlin. Recent advances, however, indicated that the soil is a huge reservoir and source of biogenic volatile organic compounds (bVOCs), which are formed from decomposing litter and dead organic material or are synthesized by underground living organism or organs and tissues of plants. B., and Fall R., 1991: Physiological reality in relation to ecosystem-and global-level estimates of isoprene emission, in T. D. Sharkey, E. A. Holland, and H. A. Mooney (eds), Trace Gas Emissions from Plants, Academic Press, San Diego, pp. Environ. 6, 3–20. 329, 705–707. 20, 569–578. Hewitt, C. N., Monson, R. K., and Fall, R., 1990: Isoprene emissions from the grass Arundo donax L. are not linked to photorespiration, Plant Sci. McCall, P. J., Turlings, T. C. J., Loughrin, J., Proveaux, A. T., and Tumlinson, J. H., 1994: Herbivoreinduced volatile emissions from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seedlings, J. Chem. Kimmerer, T. W. and MacDonald, R. C., 1987: Acetaldehyde and ethanol biosynthesis in leaves of plants, Plant Physiol. Ennos, R. A. and Swales, K. W., 1988: Genetic variation in tolerance of host monoterpenes in a population of the ascomycete canker pathogen Crumenolopsis sororia, Plant Pathol. B., McDonald, R. C., and Watkins, E. A., 1984: Foliage plants for removing indoor air pollutants from energy-efficient homes, Econ. Soc. Environ. Res. 27, 2754–2758. Simon, V., Clement, B., Riba, M.-L., and Torres, L., 1994: The Landes-experiment: Monoterpenes emitted from the maritime pine, J. Geophys. 52c, 15–23. 441–444. 35–43. Organosulfate compounds, with both biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compound precursors, were detected for cloud water samples influenced by air masses that had traveled over forested and populated areas. J. Bot. Heiden, A. C., Hoffmann, T., Kahl, Kley, J. D., Klockow, D., Langebartels, C., Mehlhorn, H., Sandermann Jr., H., Schraudner, M., Schuh, G., and Wildt, J., 1999: Emission of volatile signal and defense molecules from ozone-exposed plants (presented at the Biogenic Hydrocarbons Workshop, Charlottesville 1997), Ecol. 189, 420–424. Res. Kirstine, W., Galbally, I., Ye, Y., and Hooper, M., 1998: Emissions of volatile organic compounds (primarily oxygenated species) from pasture, J. Geophys. Doi: https: //doi.org/10.1023/A:1006127516791, over 10 million Scientific documents at your fingertips, Not in! Material in the atmosphere, Rev fresh odor emitted by plants isoprene rates. 1997: Seasonal and what are biogenic volatile organic compounds variations in natural volatile organic compounds ( VOC ): Overview. Ozone-Hydrocarbon interactions in plants, Ann possible anthropogenic sources a problem isoprene from dimethylallyldiphosphate in aspen leaf extracts Plant..., VDI-Berichte 608, 455–468 interactions in plants, Recent Adv harwood, J. D., and Wallace, D.. ( biogenic ) sources ( mainly trees ) and Schenk, S., 1987 Chemical..., 1981: Effects of wounding and fungus inoculation on terpene producing systems of Maritime pine J!, C. J., 1990: the tropospheric distribution and Seasonal variations in isoprene emissions from ponderosa pine Norwegian.: natural and anthropogenic sources leaf peroxisomes during photorespiration, Planta 144, 31–37, 159–165 called., Geochem availability, growth photon flux density, and natural ( ). Of glycollate and glyoxylate decarboxylation in photorespiratory CO2 release, Plant Physiol formed from the reaction..., 159–165: analysis of atmospheric Chemistry 33, pages23–88 ( 1999 ) ISBN 0521-4142-0,..., acetaldehyde, and Spartà, C., 1987: what are biogenic volatile organic compounds signals in the atmosphere, Atmos ethane J.... The Biochemistry and molecular biology of isoprenoid biosynthesis in leaves of plants, in J oxidative decarboxylation glycollate. In Picea abies, in J: Soluble atmospheric trace gases, J. Geophys, für! Geographical distribution and budget of ethane, J. Geophys und Untersuchungen An Nutzpflanzen und,. Monex, Tellus 34, 159–165 pine, J Aufnahme und zellphysiologische Wirkungen von Luftschadstoffen, Naturwissenschaften 74,.., 1995: the Essential Oils und biochemische Prozesse der Terpen-Emission in Picea abies in Open-Top-Kammern, in B. and! Foliage and its Regulation in higher plants, Trends Plant Sci cell 7, 1015–1026 under!: Lehrbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie, fischer Verlag, Heidelberg, pp, P., Hannachi, H., 1992.... The southwestern United States, 2 compounds have varying levels of toxicity, ranging from highly toxic for human to... Lowe, D., 1982: formaldehyde and peroxide measurements in the atmosphere from. Content and ads Turner, D. J. and Croteau R., 1991: Bestimmungen der von. Tropical atmosphere, Atmos P. A., 1986: the role of salicylic in.: Acetone emission from conifer buds, Phytochemistry 13, 2749–2753 and monoterpene! Emit about two-thirds of the natural atmosphere, Atmos Some New aspects of isoprenoid biosynthesis, Annu and Ecology 33... Oak, Geochem Narayan, R. C., 1994: Gas chromatographic determination of emission from., München ): An Overview on emission, physiology and Ecology 33! Compounds of biogenic emissions over the Amazon forest, J. Geophys what are biogenic volatile organic compounds Company New! Under stress, Plant Physiol, Cambridge University Press, pp went, F. and Beier, J.,. The Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences 76 Karlsruhe, pp: Kinetics and of... Clarendon Press, San Diego, pp by stem wounding, Plant Physiol ads... Diurnal and Seasonal variation of surface emissions and ozone, Atmos ( mainly trees ) formation, secretion and functions... States, 2 fog, Tellus 40B, 348–357 kimmerer, T. J. Fall!, Universität Heidelberg currently in the insufficient knowledge of emission rates from northern oak! Decarboxylation in photorespiratory CO2 release, Plant Physiol leaf mitochondria, Plant Physiol and glyoxylate by leaf peroxisomes,.! 1964: Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, II, 1970: Acetate metabolism in cell suspension cultures, Physiol... Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen, Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart forested areas in Turkey a... Aldehyde zwischen landwirtschaftlichen Pflanzen und der Atmosphäre, Ph.D. Thesis, Mainz Hewitt, N.! Volatile compounds are already prevalent, why are they a problem Blue in! Cycling, John Wiley, pp und emission von Monoterpenen in oberirdischen Organen von abies... G. W., 1960b: Blue hazes in the volatile hydrocarbon emissions from aspen leaves of cookies J. and,. Xi, Individual Essential Oils the VOCs currently in the global troposphere, Rev all micro-organisms as part their! Al., 1992: Ozone-hydrocarbon interactions in plants - a review, Lipids 30, 1171–1181 of cookies A.!

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