parthenium hysterophorus medicinal uses

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1988. J. Bombay Nat. If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact the NewCROP Center | email: newcrop@purdue.edu | phone: 765-494-6968. www.youtube.com/user/pankajoudhia?feature=results_main. It has the potential to grow rapidly till the height of 0.50–1.50 m. It can grow up to 2 m in great soils (Laan et al. It is applied externally on skin disorders and decoction of the plant is often taken internally as a remedy for a wide variety of ailments (Dominguez and Sierra 1970; Morton 1981). 1996). advanced search... Login. Studies on allelopathy ad medicinal weeds in chickpea fields. Parthenolide from Parthenium integrifolium reduces tumor burden and alleviate cachexia symptoms in the murine CT-26 model of colorectal carcinoma. Dictionary of economic plants, Englemann Weinheim. The weed adversely affects human and animal health and can cause: 1. respiratory problems 2. severe dermatitis 3. tainted meat if stock eat the plant within one month of slaughter 4. tainted milk. Welcome to the parthenium weed portal. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newslett. Parthenium hysterophorus confers many health benefits, viz remedy for skin inflammation, rheumatic pain, diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, dysentery, malaria and neuralgia. The puzzling whitetop. This erect, short-lived plant known for Oudhia, P., S.S. Kolhe, and R.S. Unphof, J.C. 1959. Hamilton, E. 1852. P. hysterophorus growing/flowering season starts from March–April till … Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM) Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. Various weed control strategies are being used globally to reduce its population to manageable levels. Planta Medica. Parthenium hysterophorusused in many medicinal treatments of skin inflammation, rheumatic pain, diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, dysentery, malaria and neuralgia. Parthenium hysterophorus is the main invasive alien weed which dominates over the na-tive species and adversely affects the biodiversity. P. and B.N. Toggle navigation ... terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. Int. In Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants by Rastogi and Mehrotra (1991) parthenin induced dose-dependent damage to human leucocyte chromosomes in vitro and micronuclei formation in polychromatic erythrocytes of mice is reported (Dominguez and Sierra, 1970). PhD Thesis. In Jamaica the decoction is used as a flea-repellent both for dogs and other animals (Morton 1981). B. Jain Pvt. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika 13(1/2)53-57. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The chemical analysis has indicated that all the plants parts including trichomes and pollen contain toxins called sesquiterpene lactones. 1981. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae), a weed, also known as congress grass is an annual herb. Morton, J.F. Common names include Santa-Maria, Santa Maria feverfew, whitetop weed, and famine weed. Dominguez, X.A. 30-31 July p. 26. Former medicinal use as a diuretic. The word Parthenium is taken from the Latin word parthenice which means for medicinal uses (4) Parthenium hysterophorus is an invasive weed plant of family Asteraceae. Allelopathic effect of white top (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) on chickpea. (1982) demonstrated that sublethal doses of parthenin exhibited antitumor activity in mice and that the drug could either cure mice completely or increase their survival time after they had been injected with cancer cells. Bailey L.H. Liuckno and Publication and Information Directorate, New Delhi. P.G. Parthenium hysterophorus is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae. Johri. Adkins. of Miami, Florida. and K.K Bhutani. P. hysterophorus belongs to Asteraceae family and is a fast-growing, upright, and much stretched annual herb. Dates of Introduction Australia (1950s in contaminated grass seed) (Depart-ment of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy 2003), Parthenium hysterophorus , one of the world’s most dangerous weeds, is responsible for huge losses to the biodiversity, agriculture, economy, and health of livestock and human beings. Rao, R.S. First Int. College, Mandlaa (M.P.) Conference on Parthenium Management, (Vol-II). Legume Res. 2(4):327-329. Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on germination of Linseed. Parthenium hysterophorus L., is an obnoxious weed known for its environmental health hazards and medicinal uses. This weed is considered to be a cause of allergic respiratory problems, asthma, bronchitis contact dermatitis, mutagenicity in human and livestock. These characteristics are due to presence of sesquiterpene lactones and organic acids; therefore a rapid and sensitive analytical procedure using HPLC-PDA-MS-MS was developed and optimized for separation, identification, and quantification of parthenin and six organic acids. A related species, Parthenium argentatum Gray (guayule) yields rubber which can substitute for Hevea rubber. 54:218-220. It is known to cause asthma, bronchits, dermatitis, and hay fever in man and livestock. High competitive success rate and adaptability of the species enable it to dominate diverse types of habitats. [12]. Parthenium weed, bitter weed, bitter-broom, bitterweed, carrot grass, congress grass, false camomile, false ragweed, feverfew, parthenium, parthenium weed, ragweed, ragweed parthenium, Santa Maria, Santa Maria feverfew, white top, whitehead, whitetop. Flora medica. Parthenium is used as folk remedy in the Caribbean and Central America (Nabie et al. However, the prevalence and … Chippendale JF, Panetta FD, 1994. 54:20-22. Amoebicidal activity of parthenin isolated from Parthenium hysterophorus. Investigation of pathogens for biological control of parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L) in Ethiopia. Sastry, Tenjarla, C.S. Dictionary of economic plants in India. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. pankajoudhia@gmail.com. Distribution details in Brazil of Parthenium hysterophorus (PTNHY) EPPO Global Database. Tripathi, 1997b. Soc. Ecology, distribution, menace and management of Parthenium. Parthenium hysterophorus L. Plant Protection Quaterly 11(2):76-88. Parthenium hysterophorus Santa Maria feverfew This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The flora Homoeopathica (Reprint Edition 1997). The decoction of Parthenium hysterophorushas been used in traditional medicin… Oudhia, P. 1998. Pbl. Abstract. All parts of the plant are reported to be used as bitter tonic, febrifuge, emmenagogue, antidysenteric etc. ; Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh. It was once a popular remedy in ague. Parthenium weed Parthenium hysterophorus_Brad Rayner DAFWA.jpg REPORT THE PRESENCE OF THIS PEST BEFORE UNDERTAKING CONTROL Information about this pest can be found on the parthenium weed: declared pest page. Most tropical grasses are dormant and can tolerate moderate grazing during this period. In Jamaica the decoction is used as a flea-repellent both for dogs and other animals (Morton 1981). 6: 29-33. This two-year field study was conducted to evaluate the effect of five different densities (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 plants m⁻²) of parthenium … Lindley, John. Go! Go! UAS, Dharwad. Panetta, and S.W. [6] Notable species include guayule ( P. argentatum ) which has been used as a rubber substitute, especially during the Second World War; [7] and also P. hysterophorus , a serious invasive species in the Old World . Rastogi, Ram. John Lindley (1838) in Flora Medica describes the plant as follows: "The whole plant is bitter and strong-scented, reckoned tonic, stimulating and anti-hysteric. Taye T, 2002. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (hereafter referred to as parthenium) is fast becoming a threat to ecosystems in many parts of East Africa. Medicinal weeds in rice fields of Chhattisgarh, India. Oudhia, P. and R.S. Tripathi. Rice Research Notes 24(1):40. Tripathi. Plant Medica 18:275-277. Manual of cultivated plants, Macmillan, New York. Parthenium hysterophorus or Congress plant. Parthenium hysterophorus L. Plant Protection Quarterly, 11(2):76-88; 4 pp. 3 Morphology of Parthenium weeds. 1956. Parthenium hysterophorus flowers in the wild, white color Parthenium hysterophorus flowers in India. Parthenium hysterophorus , green leaf use full tropical plant. In India, it is locally known as carrot grass, congress grass or Gajar Ghas. Regular contact with the plant, usually over a prolonged period, produces allergenic dermatitis and asthma in humans. All Rights Reserved. 1838. Parthenium plant contains chemicals, like parthenin, hysterin, hymenin, and ambrosin, and due to the presence of these chemicals, the weed exerts strong allelopathic effects on different crops. INTRODUCTION. Indian J. Oudhia, P. 1999b. Parthenium hysterophorus plant causes milk disease in livestock and also responsible for respiratory malfunction in humans. Specific epithet means with an entire or uncut leaves but this species is coarsely toothed. It is applied externally on skin disorders and decoction of the plant is often taken internally as a remedy for a wide variety of ailments (Dominguez and Sierra 1970; Morton 1981). 1997a. Parthenium hysterophorus is a noxious invasive weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Nepal. Mehrotra. Parthenium hysterophorus belongs to the family Asteracaeae (compositae), many plants of which are capable of causing allergic contact dermatitis. p. 136-139. In many countries, P. hysterophorus is used as a treatment for skin diseases, malaria, rheumatism, and headache ( Raghu et al., 2014). The possibilities of preparing homoeopathic drugs from the obnoxious weeds of Chhattisgarh. Ltd., New Delhi. 1970. Part II. 28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India 20(2):117-120. 1982. Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor. Parthenium is also reported as promising remedy against hepatic amoebiasis (Sharma and Bhutani,1988). partheniicola arrived fortuitously and has established in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, nearly a decade back. Sharma, G.L. In many countries, P. hysterophorus is used as a treatment for skin diseases, malaria, rheumatism, and headache ( Raghu et al., 2014 ). In Maharashtra and Gujarat (India) the plant is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus [13]. Among 11 species of biological control agents released to control P. hysterophorus in Ausrtalia, winter rust Puccina abrupta var. Arachis Newslett. Identification, Impacts, and Control of Ragweed Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) 3 Regulatory Status Ragweed parthenium is listed as a noxious weed by the governments of Australia, Kenya, and Puerto Rico. Parthenium hysterophorus L. [syn. Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae) is a medicinal plant known as altamisa or chuchiate in Mexico, as Santa Maria or quinine-weed in the United States of America, and as congress grass in India. Hist. Antitumour effects of the sesquiterpene lactone parthenin. 1996. Singh, U., A.M. Wadhwani, and B.M. It is native to the American tropics. Plant Physiol. of ref. Isolation of a new diterpene alcohol and parthenin from Parthenium hysterophorus. 27. Its prospect as nano-medicine is being carried out with some preliminary success so far. Plant has been used as folk remedy for the treatment of infectious and degenerative diseases [17–19]. The word parthenium is derived from the Latin parthenice suggesting medicinal uses (Bailey 1960). There are several reports on the antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, antihelmintic and anti-inflammatory properties of the species ( Joshi et al., 2016 ). Ajay Book Service, New Delhi, p. 462. Register. Part… Despite the fact that Parthenium is considered a toxic plant industrial uses are reported in the literatures (Sastri and Kavathekar 1990). 1996). Clinical Materia Medica (4th ed). advanced search... Login. Register. Govt. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb that aggressively colonises disturbed sites. An Impact on Environment, R.D. Landowners are advised to never touch the plant with bare hands and always use a dust mask if working near the we… 1998a. Kavathekar, 1990. Copyright © 2015, Purdue University, all rights reserved. Levy. Mahadevappa, M. 1997. 1998b. Ferrington, E.A. Ltd., New Delhi, p. 147-149. Bip. Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch. In the present work, the pharmacognostic, pharmacological and allelopathic traits of various parts (root, stem and leaves) of P. hysterophorus grown in Pakistan were investigated. In: Proc First International Conference on Parthenium Management (Vol-1), UAS, Dharwad p. 1-12. Phytomedicine 20, 992 … Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. ... recent reports suggest its medicinal uses as antidiabetic, antioxidant Medicinal weeds in groundnut fields of Chhattisgarh (India). and A. Sierra. Oudhia, P. 1999a. Navie, S.C., R.E. Root decoction is useful in dysentery (Singh et al. Central Drug Research Inst. 1991. Members of the genus are commonly known as feverfew . In Finland an infusion of Partenium is used in for consumption. ; Matricaria parthenium L, M. parthenoides Hort., M. carpensis Hort., M. eximia Hort., M. odorata Lam; Pyrethrum parthenium Smith] Compositae, is known as congress weed, carrot weed, star weed, feverfew, white top, chatak chandani, bitter weed, ramphool, garghas. The major components of toxic being parthenin and other phenolic acids such as caffeic acid, vanillic acid, ansic acid, p-anisic acid, chlorogenic acid, and parahydroxy benzoic acid are lethal to human beings and animals (Mahadevappa 1997; Oudhia 1998). Its odour is said to be peculiarly disagree to bees and that insects may be easily kept at a distance by carrying a handful of the flower heads." The direct negative effects of invasive plant species on agriculture and biodiversity are well known, but their indirect effects on human health, and particularly their interactions with disease-transmitting vectors, remains poorly explored. Toggle navigation. Adverse effects of on humans and on animal health have been well documented. Plant based antiamoebic drugs. 1960. It is a common invasive species in India, Australia, and parts of Africa. The Biology of Australian Weeds 27. , toxicas e medicinais. ; 4 pp 2 ):76-88 ; 4 pp of Africa annual herb strategies..., allergies caused by parthenium can be treated by a drug prepared parthenium. Of preparing homoeopathic drugs from the Latin parthenice suggesting medicinal uses ( Bailey 1960.... 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Dharwad p. 1-12 Society for parthenium Management ( SOPAM ) 28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - India... Wild, white color parthenium hysterophorus L. plant Protection Quarterly, 11 ( 2 ):76-88 ; 4 pp navigation... Notorious plant have been well documented Management ( Vol-1 ), UAS, Dharwad p. 1-12 plant uses! Has indicated that all the plants parts including trichomes and pollen contain toxins called lactones... A decade back a decade back parthenium may germinate and grow at this time of parthenium ( hysterophorus!

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